Organic farming is not about only farming without chemicals. It is also about the environment, agricultural traditions, traditional seeds, animal welfare, farming communities, sensible energy use, soil and water conservation. It is also about you and your family , your health and your welfare.
Organic farming is a way of farming which excludes the use of chemical fertilizers, insecticides etc. and is primarily based on the principles of use of natural organic inputs and biological plant protection measures. Properly managed organic farming reduces or eliminates water pollution and helps conserve water and soil on the farm thereby enhances sustainability and agro-biodiversity.
Organic farming has become popular in many western countries. There are two major driving forces behind this phenomenon: growing global market for organic agricultural produce due to increased health consciousness; and premium price on organic produce fetched by the producers.
India has comparative advantage over many other countries because of the vast cultivated area, which has remained free of contamination from chemicals, spread over distinctly varying agro-climatic conditions. For example, large areas in north-east region, northern hills and rain fed regions with very low or nil use of agro-chemicals to organic farming.
In India, a National Programme for Organic Production is being implemented by the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA). Ministry of Commerce, with major responsibility for developing standards for organic farming and regulatory mechanism for export purposes.
Uttarakhand is Indias First state to be known as an Organic State. The pristine and pollution free environment of Himalaya makes all the difference to the quality of cultivation